Here’s a small study which showed how important deep sleep is to the onset of puberty in teens. They found that teens had multiple surges of lutenizing hormone, mostly during the deep stage of sleep (non-REM, N3).
Lack of deep sleep from either sleep deprivation or sleep apnea can definitely affect your child’s ability to develop and mature at normal rates. It’s also important to note that growth hormone is also produced during deep sleep.
Does your teen have sleep problems?