May 25, 2011
Here’s my response below to a NY Times article on chronic sinusitis. They talk about cutting edge research in diagnosing and treating sinusitis, but completely miss an important point. Please read my post below to see what I mean, and feel free to comment on anything that I’ve said.
Biofilms are the pathology de jour in chronic sinusitis research right now. A few years ago, it was our immune system’s response to funguses. Before that, it was allergies, and before that, bacteria. As long as we’re convinced that it’s a bad organism or agent that’s attacking our body (sinus) cavities, you may get rid of the infection, but you’re doing nothing to treat what’s actually causing the inflammation that leads to blockage of the sinuses. The same analogy can be made for anti-reflux medications. None of the proton pump inhibitors (like Prilosec or Nexium) or H2 blockers (like Zantac) actually do anything to prevent reflux. It only lowers acid production, without doing anything to prevent regurgitation of stomach juices into the esophagus or throat.
Interestingly, a recent large scale study showed that the vast majority of people who suffer from recurrent sinus infections, pain and headaches are actually suffering from migraines. This is a neurologic form of inflammation in the sinuses, which over-reacts to weather changes, chemicals, scents, or odors. Chronic inflammation can lead to swelling, leading to blockage of sinuses, which can predispose to infections by bacteria that normally live in your nose.
Saline is also commonly recommended for chronic sinus sufferers, but it’s a double edged sword: A recent study showed that people who used nasal saline irrigation frequently had more episodes of infection than those who didn’t. Yes, saline irrigation flushes out pollutants and bacteria, but it can also cause paralysis of the cilia, which are finger-like projections that move nasal mucous back into your throat. Saline is like a mild version of Afrin – it’s still a decongestant. This is why some people have to use saline every day, sometimes 3-5 times per day. They’re addicted, just like with Afrin.
Sinus problems are much more common these days due to underdevelopment of our facial bones, which also include our jaws. Over the past few hundred years, due to a radical shift in our diets, as well as our eating habits (soft, mushy foods, bottle feeding, etc.), our jaws are not expanding to their full potential. If your facial skeletons don’t grow as much, the natural nasal and sinus passageways will be more narrow, becoming more predisposed to obstruction with colds, allergies, or any kind of inflammation.
This is why most people with chronic sinusitis can’t (or prefer not to) sleep on their backs. Due to smaller oral cavity volume, the tongue takes up relatively too much space, which leads to more frequent obstruction while breathing at night. Breathing pauses (apneas) then can suction up your normal stomach juices into your throat, lungs and nose, causing more inflammation. Most people with chronic sinusitis will also have sleep-difficulty and one or both parents will be heavy snorers with typically undiagnosed sleep apnea.
I presented a poster many years ago looking at the incidence of obstructive sleep apnea in people who had persistent or recurrent symptoms after nasal or sinus surgery. Almost 80% were found to have significant obstructive sleep apnea. Now that I look for and treat sleep-breathing problems before considering surgery, the need to go on to sinus surgery has plummeted. Plus they sleep better.
May 6, 2010
In this 60 minute live teleseminar, I'll reveal:
- The one thing that most doctors miss
- Why not breathing through your nose can drop your oxygen intake by 20%
- Myths and truths about septoplasty
- How nasal saline can be helpful AND harmful
- How your nose affects snoring and obstructive sleep apnea
- And much more.
Click here to purchase the 65 minute mp3 download.
November 14, 2009
For many people with obstructive sleep apnea, nasal congestion and chronic sinus infections are a common problem. Nasal irrigation with saline is a natural way of clearing nasal and sinus passageways. The Neti-Pot is a yogic variation of saline irrigation that became much more popular after Oprah’s recommendation. Many of my patients that have tried this method report good results, with better breathing and less sinus pressure and headaches.
A recent study showed that contrary to popular belief, irrigating the nose on a daily basis over a long-tern period may actually make things worse. Researchers studied 68 people who used nasal saline irrigation every day for one year. In those that stopped after one year, 62% had a significant drop-off in the number of infections, compared with those that continued irrigating their noses.
The authors of the study proposed that the likely reason for this finding is that frequent irrigation depletes nasal mucous, which contains several important defense mechanisms, including antibodies, lactoferrin, and lysozyme. It’s also known that the nose produces nitric oxide, which also has antimicrobial properties.
These results are a bit conflicting with what many of my patients report, but there may be some good reasons to follow their recommendations. Besides the reasons mentioned above, saline acts as a mild decongestant, which is similar to the over-the-counter decongestant, Afrin, but not as strong. This is why you can breathe better after irrigation. One of the reasons why you can’t use Afrin for more than 3 days is because of the rebound effect, where after the medicine wears off, your nose gets stuffy again, making you use it more and more frequently. Nasal saline, although not as bad as Afrin, also has a mild rebound effect. This is why some people use it 2 to 4 times every day.
It’s also been shown that if the salt concentration is a bit saltier than your nasal membranes’ concentration, the cilia that help to move the mucous blanket down into your throat become paralyzed.
If used for short-term periods, such as during an acute sinus infection, it can be useful (just like Afrin), but this study’s result shows that long-term use may be more harmful.
My feeling is that if you feel better and you don’t get as many infections, keep doing it. After a few weeks or months, you can experiment by stopping the irrigation and see what happens.
Since this study didn’t look at cultures or x-rays, there’s no proof that these were true bacterial infections. Recent studies also show that the vast majority of what may feel like sinus infections are actually a variation of a migraine headache. Furthermore, it’s been shown that nasal saline doesn’t really go into your sinus passageways. It works by decongesting your nasal passageways, which indirectly opens the passageways to your sinuses.
Do you irrigate your nose with nasal saline every day? If so, for how long? Are you having less sinus "infections" as a result of irrigating on a regular basis? Please enter your answers in the comments box below.